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What if you were put in charge of the World tomorrow? How would you run the planet?

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This globally popular educational and research website lists every national and international problem in the world in a rather unusual and entertaining way, so remember to bookmark www.12-12-12.org in your favourites folder! For the record: Andronicos the author does not profess to greatness in any shape or form. Lets continue.................

Andronicos "The Great" as Director of the Human Race and Manager Planet Earth commands and Andronicos "The Cynic" responds as follows.........

 

5.0 Eradication of War, Tribal Misunderstandings, and Terrorism by December 12, 2012 December 12th, 2012

"When I eventually meet with the key tribal players, I don't want to deal with Hawks or Doves, I want to discuss solutions with Wise Owls who possess Eagle like vision."
Andronicos "The Great"

5.10 Nuclear Proliferation. Chemical and biological weapons of mass extinction.

Bomb

I forbid it. I forbid them.

5.20 Nuclear arsenal reduction and disarmament: Asteroid protection

The greatest threat today of a nuclear skirmish is in the Indian Subcontinent. Due to current instability in the region, the weapons should be moved out as soon as possible. I therefore request the Sovereign tribes of Pakistan and India be the first Sovereign tribes to disarm their nuclear arsenals and hand them over to the control of the Asteroid protection task force. Let future Earth's children honour the vision of the leaders of the Sovereign tribes of Pakistan and India. (Refer to section 3.40)

That'll go down well with the Generals.

5.30 Terrorism

Terrorism will cease by December 2012. In the meantime I direct that no tribal state should harbour terrorists or freedom fighters (terrorists) who harm innocent civilians, or political activists (terrorists) who destroy civilian property, or religious extremists that maim innocent civilians in the name of [enter name of deity] (terrorists). All terrorists are directed to Get Off My Planet Planet.

Any tribal state that does, whether directly or indirectly will not qualify for War Bond investment.

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5.40 Kidnapping

Those who kidnap innocent people for money using firearms should be treated as attempted murderers and directed to Get Off My Planet Planet.

There will be no drug wars, terrorist causes or military campaigns left to fund by kidnapping after December 2012. In the meantime this is one of the rare instances where the taking of life by law enforcement agencies may be necessary to protect the victim(s).

5.50 Land mines: Find and destroy using new technology

Land Mines

I forbid the use of land mines. I direct that modern technology is put to use NOW to identify and destroy these vile robotic killing and maiming machines. Use satellites, robots and those that planted them and their officers to do the work of finding them.

I honour the Sovereign tribes of Cambodia, that despite many years of suffering at the hands of despots and despite its poverty, actually provided substantial manpower resource to the United Nations for land mine removal duties. Why? As a self-imposed repayment to the UN for helping restore peace and democracy to Cambodia. What an example!

Map of Land Mines

5.60 NATO: All countries should eventually join son of NATO: PLATO

When the "out of many tribes one people one planet" actually happens, I direct the symbolic creation of PLATO: The Planetary Treaty Organisation which will deal with large national or international emergencies.

What about Dumbo?

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5.500 A list of disputes and misunderstandings on a tribe by tribe basis

"Sometimes children's squabbles are justified but easily resolved by mature adults."
Andronicos "The Great"

You will now find a list of every dispute going on between tribes. It is a snapshot at a given moment in time. A bit like the audited accounts of a public company but more accurate.

Although certain disputes may appear quite trivial to some readers, to the parties concerned they are not. Similar statements can be made about the impact of each dispute. For example, the degree of anger the tribes in conflict have reached with each other. It can range in severity from the occasional stinky memo or expired Sushi being thrown over the disputed tribal fence to a global conflict in the making.

My job as Director of the Human Race and Manager Planet Earth is to ensure every dispute is cleared up quickly, efficiently and with the least amount of fuss.

I direct all parties to begin immediate discussions. Make compromises. Behave like grown ups and find solutions. If not, I'll have to formally get involved which will make me extremely displeased. For such issues I have prepared an efficient mini questionnaire so that I can judge each case on its own merit. For certain disputes I have actually provided directions later on in the document which I want followed. By December 12th, 2004 I want half of these conflicts, disputes or misunderstandings permanently put to rest, as I do have better, more important things to do with my time such as getting the War Bond finance organised and directing global operations for practically everything else.

12 general questions relating to international disputes

What is the historic background?

What do the local people want?

What do the existing "custodians" of the existing tribal region want?

What do the regional tribal neighbours want?

What does the international community want?

Is this a commercial dispute relating to mineral/oil/fishing rights now or in the future?

Is it a matter relating to cultural differences?

Is it a matter relating to the potential loss or gain of local or state tax revenue?

Is it a matter of strategic military importance or military strength?

Is it a matter of religion?

Is it a matter of principle?

Is it a matter of perceived tribal honour?

To all so called "advanced" Sovereign tribes who take the lead in attempting to find solutions between more "legally primitive" or "fledgling" tribes in dispute, I have the following directive:

SHOW THE EXAMPLE BY PUTTING YOUR OWN HOUSES IN ORDER. PUT AN END TO THE MORE TRIVIAL DISPUTES BETWEEN YOURSELVES NOW.

"When we turn to one another for counsel we reduce the number of our enemies."
Kahil Gibran

While I am mediating in the more violent disputes I direct an immediate ceasefire everywhere. And I mean immediate. I want those that do not comply to Get Off My Planet Planet.

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International Disputes

  • 5.500.10 Afghanistan:
    • 5.500.10.1 Afghanistan: A work in progress
  • 5.500.20 Albania:
    • 5.500.20.1 Albania: The Albanian Government supports protection of the rights of ethnic Albanians outside of its borders but has downplayed them to further its primary foreign policy goal of regional cooperation
    • 5.500.20.2 Albania: Albanian majority in Kosovo seeks independence from Yugoslavia
    • 5.500.20.3 Albania: Albanians in The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia claim discrimination in education, access to public-sector jobs, and representation in government
  • 5.500.30 Algeria:
    • 5.500.30.1 Algeria: Part of southeastern region claimed by Libya
    • 5.500.30.2 Algeria: Algeria supports exiled West Saharan Polisario Front and rejects Moroccan administration of Western Sahara
  • 5.500.40 American Samoa: None
  • 5.500.50 Andorra: None
  • 5.500.60 Angola: None
  • 5.500.70 Anguilla: None
  • 5.500.80 Antarctica:
    • 5.500.80.1 Antarctica: Antarctic Treaty freezes claims (see Antarctic Treaty Summary in Government type entry); sections (some overlapping) claimed by Argentina, Australia, Chile, France, New Zealand, Norway, and UK
    • 5.500.80.2 Antarctica: The US and most other nations do not recognize the territorial claims of other nations and have made no claims themselves (the US and Russia reserve the right to do so)
    • 5.500.80.3 Antarctica: No claims have been made in the sector between 90 degrees west and 150 degrees west
  • 5.500.90 Antigua and Barbuda: None
  • 5.500.100 Arctic Ocean:
    • 5.500.100.1 Arctic Ocean: Some maritime disputes (see littoral states)
  • 5.500.110 Argentina:
    • 5.500.110.1 Argentina: Claims UK-administered Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)
    • 5.500.110.2 Argentina: Claims UK-administered South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
    • 5.500.110.3 Argentina: Territorial claim in Antarctica partially overlaps British and Chilean claims
  • 5.500.120 Armenia:
    • 5.500.120.1 Armenia: Armenia supports ethnic Armenians in the Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan in the longstanding, separatist conflict against the Azerbaijani Government
    • 5.500.120.2 Armenia: Traditional demands regarding former Armenian lands in Turkey have subsided
  • 5.500.130 Aruba: None
  • 5.500.140 Ashmore and Cartier Islands: None
  • 5.500.150 Atlantic Ocean:
    • 5.500.150.1 Atlantic Ocean: Some maritime disputes (see littoral states)
  • 5.500.160 Australia:
    • 5.500.160.1 Australia: Territorial claim in Antarctica (Australian Antarctic Territory)
  • 5.500.170 Austria:
    • 5.500.170.1 Austria: Minor disputes with Czech Republic and Slovenia over nuclear power plants and post-World War II treatment of German-speaking minorities
  • 5.500.180 Azerbaijan:
    • 5.500.180.1 Azerbaijan: Armenia supports ethnic Armenians in the Nagorno-Karabakh region of Azerbaijan in the longstanding, separatist conflict against the Azerbaijani Government
    • 5.500.180.2 Azerbaijan: Caspian Sea boundaries are not yet determined among Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Turkmenistan
  • 5.500.190 Bahamas, The: None
  • 5.500.200 Bahrain:
    • 5.500.200.1 Bahrain: In March of 2001, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) awarded the Hawar Islands to Bahrain and also adjusted Bahrain's maritime boundary with Qatar
  • 5.500.210 Baker Island: None
  • 5.500.220 Bangladesh:
    • 5.500.220.1 Bangladesh: A portion of the boundary with India is indefinite
    • 5.500.220.2 Bangladesh: Exchange of 151 enclaves along border with India subject to ratification by Indian parliament
    • 5.500.220.3 Bangladesh: Dispute with India over South Talpatty/New Moore Island
  • 5.500.230 Barbados: None
  • 5.500.240 Bassas da India:
    • 5.500.240.1 Bassas da India: Claimed by Madagascar
  • 5.500.250 Belarus: None
  • 5.500.260 Belgium: None
  • 5.500.270 Belize:
    • 5.500.270.1 Belize: Guatemala periodically asserts claims to territory in southern Belize; to deter cross-border squatting, both states in 2000 agreed to a "line of adjacency" based on the de facto boundary, which is not recognized by Guatemala
  • 5.500.280 Benin: None
  • 5.500.290 Bermuda: None
  • 5.500.300 Bhutan:
    • 5.500.300.1 Bhutan: Refugee issue over the presence in Nepal of approximately 98,700 Bhutanese refugees, 90% of whom are in seven United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) camps
  • 5.500.310 Bolivia:
    • 5.500.310.1 Bolivia: Has wanted a Sovereign corridor to the South Pacific Ocean since the Atacama area was lost to Chile in 1884
    • 5.500.310.2 Bolivia: Dispute with Chile over Rio Lauca water rights
  • 5.500.320 Bosnia and Herzegovina: None
  • 5.500.330 Botswana: None
  • 5.500.340 Bouvet Island: None
  • 5.500.350 Brazil: None
  • 5.500.360 British Indian Ocean Territory:
    • 5.500.360.1 British Indian Ocean Territory: The Chagos Archipelago is claimed by Mauritius and Seychelles
  • 5.500.370 British Virgin Islands: None
  • 5.500.380 Brunei:
    • 5.500.380.1 Brunei: Possibly involved in a complex dispute over the Spratly Islands with China, Malaysia, Philippines, Taiwan, and Vietnam; in 1984, Brunei established an exclusive fishing zone that encompasses Louisa Reef in the southern Spratly Islands, but has not publicly claimed the island
  • 5.500.390 Burkina Faso: None
  • 5.500.400 Burma:
    • 5.500.400.1 Burma: Sporadic border hostilities with Thailand over border alignment and ethnic Shan rebels operating in cross-border region
  • 5.500.410 Burundi: None
  • 5.500.420 Cambodia:
    • 5.500.420.1 Cambodia: Portions of boundary with Vietnam are disputed
    • 5.500.420.2 Cambodia: Parts of border with Thailand are indefinite
  • 5.500.430 Cameroon:
    • 5.500.430.1 Cameroon: Delimitation of international boundaries in the vicinity of Lake Chad, the lack of which led to border incidents in the past, is complete and awaits ratification by Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria
    • 5.500.430.2 Cameroon: Tripartite maritime boundary and economic zone dispute with Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria is currently before the ICJ
  • 5.500.440 Canada:
    • 5.500.440.1 Canada: Maritime boundary disputes with the US (Dixon Entrance, Beaufort Sea, Strait of Juan de Fuca, Machias Seal Island)
  • 5.500.450 Cape Verde: None
  • 5.500.460 Cayman Islands: None
  • 5.500.470 Central African Republic: None
  • 5.500.480 Chad:
    • 5.500.480.1 Chad: Delimitation of international boundaries in the vicinity of Lake Chad, the lack of which led to border incidents in the past, has been completed and awaits ratification by Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria
  • 5.500.490 Chile:
    • 5.500.490.1 Chile: Bolivia has wanted a Sovereign corridor to the South Pacific Ocean since the Atacama area was lost to Chile in 1884
    • 5.500.490.2 Chile: Dispute with Bolivia over Rio Lauca water rights
    • 5.500.490.3 Chile: Territorial claim in Antarctica (Chilean Antarctic Territory) partially overlaps Argentine and British claims
  • 5.500.500 China:
    • 5.500.500.1 China: Most of boundary with India in dispute
    • 5.500.500.2 China: Dispute over at least two small sections of the boundary with Russia remains to be settled, despite 1997 boundary agreement
    • 5.500.500.3 China: Portions of the boundary with Tajikistan are indefinite
    • 5.500.500.4 China: 33-km section of boundary with North Korea in the Paektu-san (mountain) area is indefinite
    • 5.500.500.5 China: Involved in a complex dispute over the Spratly Islands with Malaysia, Philippines, Taiwan, Vietnam, and possibly Brunei
    • 5.500.500.6 China: Maritime boundary agreement with Vietnam in the Gulf of Tonkin awaits ratification
    • 5.500.500.7 China: Paracel Islands occupied by China, but claimed by Vietnam and Taiwan
    • 5.500.500.8 China: Claims Japanese-administered Senkaku-shoto (Senkaku Islands/Diaoyu Tai), as does Taiwan
  • 5.500.510 Christmas Island: None
  • 5.500.520 Clipperton Island: None
  • 5.500.530 Cocos (Keeling) Islands: None
  • 5.500.540 Colombia:
    • 5.500.540.1 Colombia: Maritime boundary dispute with Venezuela in the Gulf of Venezuela
    • 5.500.540.2 Colombia: Territorial disputes with Nicaragua over Archipelago de San Andres y Providencia and Quita Sueno Bank
  • 5.500.550 Comoros:
    • 5.500.550.1 Comoros: Claims French-administered Mayotte
    • 5.500.550.2 Comoros: The island of Anjouan (Nzwani) has moved to secede from Comoros
  • 5.500.560 Congo, Democratic Republic of the:
    • 5.500.560.1 Congo, Democratic Republic of the: The Democratic Republic of the Congo is in the grip of a civil war that has drawn in military forces from neighboring states, with Uganda and Rwanda supporting the rebel movements that occupy much of the eastern portion of the state
    • 5.500.560.2 Congo, Democratic Republic of the: Most of the Congo river boundary with the Republic of the Congo is indefinite (no agreement has been reached on the division of the river or its islands, except in the Pool Malebo/Stanley Pool area)
  • 5.500.570 Congo, Republic of the:
    • 5.500.570.1 Congo, Republic of the: Most of the Congo river boundary with the Democratic Republic of the Congo is indefinite (no agreement has been reached on the division of the river or its islands, except in the Stanley Pool/Pool Malebo area)
  • 5.500.580 Cook Islands: None
  • 5.500.590 Coral Sea Islands: None
  • 5.500.600 Costa Rica:
    • 5.500.600.1 Costa Rica: Legal dispute over navigational rights of Rio San Juan on border with Nicaragua
  • 5.500.610 Cote d'Ivoire: None
  • 5.500.620 Croatia:
    • 5.500.620.1 Croatia: Croatia and Italy made progress toward resolving a bilateral issue dating from World War II over property and ethnic minority rights
    • 5.500.620.2 Croatia: Progress with Slovenia on discussions of adjustments to land boundary, but problems remain in defining maritime boundary in Gulf of Piran
    • 5.500.620.3 Croatia: Croatia and Yugoslavia are negotiating the status of the strategically important Prevlaka Peninsula, which is currently under a UN military observer mission (UNMOP)
  • 5.500.630 Cuba:
    • 5.500.630.1 Cuba: US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay is leased to US and only mutual agreement or US abandonment of the area can terminate the lease
  • 5.500.640 Cyprus:
    • 5.500.640.1 Cyprus: 1974 hostilities divided the island into two de facto autonomous areas, a Greek Cypriot area controlled by the internationally recognized Cypriot Government (59% of the island's land area) and a Turkish-Cypriot area (37% of the island), that are separated by a UN buffer zone (4% of the island)
    • 5.500.640.2 Cyprus: There are two UK Sovereign base areas mostly within the Greek Cypriot portion of the island
  • 5.500.650 Czech Republic:
    • 5.500.650.1 Czech Republic: Liechtenstein's royal family claims restitution for 1,600 sq km of land in the Czech Republic confiscated in 1918
    • 5.500.650.2 Czech Republic: Individual Sudeten German claims for restitution of property confiscated in connection with their expulsion after World War II
    • 5.500.650.3 Czech Republic: Austria has minor dispute with Czech Republic over nuclear power plants and post-World War II treatment of German-speaking minorities
  • 5.500.660 Denmark:
    • 5.500.660.1 Denmark: Rockall continental shelf dispute involving Iceland and the UK (Ireland and the UK have signed a boundary agreement in the Rockall area)
    • 5.500.660.2 Denmark: Dispute with Iceland over the Faroe Islands fisheries median line boundary within 200 NM
    • 5.500.660.3 Denmark: Disputes with Iceland, the UK, and Ireland over the Faroe Islands continental shelf boundary outside 200 NM
  • 5.500.670 Djibouti: None
  • 5.500.680 Dominica: None
  • 5.500.690 Dominican Republic: None
  • 5.500.700 Ecuador: None
  • 5.500.710 Egypt:
    • 5.500.710.1 Egypt: Egypt asserts its claim to the "Hala'ib Triangle," a barren area of 20,580 sq km under partial Sudanese administration that is defined by an administrative boundary which supersedes the treaty boundary of 1899
  • 5.500.720 El Salvador:
    • 5.500.720.1 El Salvador: With respect to the maritime boundary in the Golfo de Fonseca, the ICJ referred to the line determined by the 1900 Honduras-Nicaragua Mixed Boundary Commission and advised that some tripartite resolution among El Salvador, Honduras and Nicaragua likely would be required
  • 5.500.730 Equatorial Guinea:
    • 5.500.730.1 Equatorial Guinea: Tripartite maritime boundary and economic zone dispute with Cameroon and Nigeria is currently before the ICJ
    • 5.500.730.2 Equatorial Guinea: Maritime boundary dispute with Gabon because of disputed sovereignty over islands in Corisco Bay
  • 5.500.740 Eritrea:
    • 5.500.740.1 Eritrea: As a result of the 12 December 2000 peace agreement ending a two-year war with Ethiopia, the UN will administer a 25-km wide temporary security zone within Eritrea until a joint boundary commission delimits and demarcates a final boundary
  • 5.500.750 Estonia:
    • 5.500.750.1 Estonia: Estonian and Russian negotiators reached a technical border agreement in December 1996 which has not been signed nor ratified by Russia as of February 2001
  • 5.500.760 Ethiopia:
    • 5.500.760.1 Ethiopia: Most of the southern half of the boundary with Somalia is a Provisional Administrative Line
    • 5.500.760.2 Ethiopia: As a result of the 12 December 2000 peace agreement ending a two year war with Eritrea, the UN will administer a 25-km wide temporary security zone within Eritrea until a joint boundary commission delimits and demarcates a final boundary; dispute over alignment of boundary with Eritrea led to armed conflict in 1998; a peace accord signed in December 2000 provides for UN-assisted arbitration and demarcation of the border
  • 5.500.770 Europa Island:
    • 5.500.770.1 Europa Island: Claimed by Madagascar
  • 5.500.780 Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas):
    • 5.500.780.1 Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas): Claimed by Argentina
  • 5.500.790 Faroe Islands:
    • 5.500.790.1 Faroe Islands: Faroese are considering proposals for full independence
  • 5.500.800 Fiji: None
  • 5.500.810 Finland: None
  • 5.500.820 France:
    • 5.500.820.1 France: Madagascar claims Bassas da India, Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island, and Tromelin Island
    • 5.500.820.2 France: Comoros claims Mayotte
    • 5.500.820.3 France: Mauritius claims Tromelin Island
    • 5.500.820.4 France:Territorial dispute between Suriname and French Guiana
    • 5.500.820.5 France: Territorial claim in Antarctica (Adelie Land)
    • 5.500.820.6 France: Matthew and Hunter Islands east of New Caledonia claimed by France and Vanuatu
  • 5.500.830 French Guiana:
    • 5.500.830.1 French Guiana: Suriname claims area between Riviere Litani and Riviere Marouini (both headwaters of the Lawa)
  • 5.500.840 French Polynesia: None
  • 5.500.850 French Southern and Antarctic Lands:
    • 5.500.850.1 French Southern and Antarctic Lands: "Adelie Land" claim in Antarctica is not recognized by the US
  • 5.500.860 Gabon:
    • 5.500.860.1 Gabon: Maritime boundary dispute with Equatorial Guinea because of disputed sovereignty over islands in Corisco Bay
  • 5.500.870 Gambia, The: None
  • 5.500.880 Gaza Strip:
    • 5.500.880.1 Gaza Strip: West Bank and Gaza Strip are Israeli-occupied with current status subject to the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement - permanent status to be determined through further negotiation
  • 5.500.890 Georgia: None
  • 5.500.900 Germany: None
  • 5.500.910 Ghana: None
  • 5.500.920 Gibraltar:
    • 5.500.920.1 Gibraltar: Source of friction between Spain and the UK
  • 5.500.930 Glorioso Islands:
    • 5.500.930.1 Glorioso Islands: Claimed by Madagascar
  • 5.500.940 Greece:
    • 5.500.940.1 Greece: Complex maritime, air, and territorial disputes with Turkey in Aegean Sea
    • 5.500.940.2 Greece: Cyprus question with Turkey
    • 5.500.940.3 Greece: Dispute with The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia over its name
  • 5.500.950 Greenland: None
  • 5.500.960 Grenada: None
  • 5.500.970 Guadeloupe: None
  • 5.500.980 Guam: None
  • 5.500.990 Guatemala:
    • 5.500.990.1 Guatemala: Guatemala periodically asserts claims to territory in southern Belize; to deter cross-border squatting, both states in 2000 agreed to a "line of adjacency" based on the de facto boundary, which is not recognized by Guatemala
  • 5.500.1000 Guernsey: None
  • 5.500.1010 Guinea:
    • 5.500.1010.1 Guinea: Border incursions by Revolutionary United Front combatants from Sierra Leone; civil war in that country has engendered a massive flow of refugees to southern Guinea and Liberia
  • 5.500.1020 Guinea-Bissau: None
  • 5.500.1030 Guyana:
    • 5.500.1030.1 Guyana: All of the area west of the Essequibo (river) claimed by Venezuela
    • 5.500.1030.2 Guyana: Suriname claims area between New (Upper Courantyne) and Courantyne / Kutari [Koetari] rivers (all headwaters of the Courantyne)
  • 5.500.1040 Haiti:
    • 5.500.1040.1 Haiti: Claims US-administered Navassa Island
  • 5.500.1050 Heard Island and McDonald Islands: None
  • 5.500.1060 "Holy" See (Vatican City): None
  • 5.500.1070 Honduras:
    • 5.500.1070.1 Honduras: With respect to the maritime boundary in the Golfo de Fonseca, the ICJ referred to the line determined by the 1900 Honduras-Nicaragua Mixed Boundary Commission and advised that some tripartite resolution among El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua likely would be required
    • 5.500.1070.2 Honduras: The maritime boundary dispute with Nicaragua in the Caribbean Sea is before the ICJ
  • 5.500.1080 Hong Kong: None
  • 5.500.1090 Howland Island: None
  • 5.500.1100 Hungary:
    • 5.500.1100.1 Hungary: Gabcikovo/Nagymaros Dam dispute with Slovakia is before the ICJ
  • 5.500.1110 Iceland:
    • 5.500.1110.1 Iceland: Rockall continental shelf dispute involving Denmark and the UK (Ireland and the UK have signed a boundary agreement in the Rockall area)
    • 5.500.1110.2 Iceland: Dispute with Denmark over the Faroe Islands fisheries median line boundary within 200 NM
    • 5.500.1110.3 Iceland: Disputes with Denmark, the UK, and Ireland over the Faroe Islands continental shelf boundary outside 200 NM
  • 5.500.1120 India:
    • 5.500.1120.1 India: Boundary with China in dispute
    • 5.500.1120.2 India: Status of Kashmir with Pakistan
    • 5.500.1120.3 India: Water-sharing problems with Pakistan over the Indus River (Wular Barrage)
    • 5.500.1120.4 India: A portion of the boundary with Bangladesh is indefinite
    • 5.500.1120.5 India: Exchange of 151 enclaves along border with Bangladesh subject to ratification by Indian parliament
    • 5.500.1120.6 India: Dispute with Bangladesh over New Moore/South Talpatty Island
  • 5.500.1130 Indian Ocean:
    • 5.500.1130.1 Indian Ocean: Some maritime disputes (see littoral states)
  • 5.500.1140 Indonesia:
    • 5.500.1140.1 Indonesia: Sipadan and Ligitan Islands in dispute with Malaysia
  • 5.500.1150 Iran:
    • 5.500.1150.1 Iran: Iran and Iraq restored diplomatic relations in 1990 but are still trying to work out written agreements settling outstanding disputes from their eight-year war concerning border demarcation, prisoners-of-war, and freedom of navigation and sovereignty over the Shatt al Arab waterway
    • 5.500.1150.2 Iran: Iran occupies two islands in the Persian Gulf claimed by the UAE: Lesser Tunb (called Tunb as Sughra in Arabic by UAE and Jazireh-ye Tonb-e Kuchek in Persian by Iran) and Greater Tunb (called Tunb al Kubra in Arabic by UAE and Jazireh-ye Tonb-e Bozorg in Persian by Iran)
    • 5.500.1150.3 Iran: Iran jointly administers with the UAE an island in the Persian Gulf claimed by the UAE (called Abu Musa in Arabic by UAE and Jazireh-ye Abu Musa in Persian by Iran) - over which Iran has taken steps to exert unilateral control since 1992, including access restrictions and a military build-up on the island; the UAE has garnered significant diplomatic support in the region in protesting these Iranian actions
    • 5.500.1150.4 Iran: Caspian Sea boundaries are not yet determined among Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Turkmenistan
  • 5.500.1160 Iraq:
    • 5.500.1160.1 Iraq: Iran and Iraq restored diplomatic relations in 1990 but are still trying to work out written agreements settling outstanding disputes from their eight-year war concerning border demarcation, prisoners-of-war, and freedom of navigation and sovereignty over the Shatt al Arab waterway
    • 5.500.1160.2 Iraq: In November 1994, Iraq formally accepted the UN-demarcated border with Kuwait which had been spelled out in Security Council Resolutions 687 (1991), 773 (1993), and 883 (1993); this formally ends earlier claims to Kuwait and to Bubiyan and Warbah islands although the government continues periodic rhetorical challenges
    • 5.500.1160.3 Iraq: Dispute over water development plans by Turkey for the Tigris and Euphrates rivers
  • 5.500.1170 Ireland:
    • 5.500.1170.1 Ireland: Northern Ireland issue with the UK (historic peace agreement signed 10 April 1998)
    • 5.500.1170.2 Ireland: Disputes with Iceland, Denmark, and the UK over the Faroe Islands continental shelf boundary outside 200 NM
  • 5.500.1180 Israel:
    • 5.500.1180.1 Israel: West Bank and Gaza Strip are Israeli-occupied with current status subject to the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement - permanent status to be determined through further negotiation
    • 5.500.1180.2 Israel: Golan Heights is Israeli-occupied (Lebanon claims the Shab'a Farms area of Golan Heights)
  • 5.500.1190 Italy:
    • 5.500.1190.1 Italy: Croatia and Italy made progress toward resolving a bilateral issue dating from World War II over property and ethnic minority rights
  • 5.500.1200 Jamaica: None
  • 5.500.1210 Jan Mayen: None
  • 5.500.1220 Japan:
    • 5.500.1220.1 Japan: Islands of Etorofu, Kunashiri, and Shikotan, and the Habomai group occupied by the Soviet Union in 1945, now administered by Russia, claimed by Japan
    • 5.500.1220.2 Japan: Liancourt Rocks (Takeshima/Tokdo) disputed with South Korea
    • 5.500.1220.3 Japan: Senkaku-shoto (Senkaku Islands) claimed by China and Taiwan
  • 5.500.1230 Jarvis Island: None
  • 5.500.1240 Jersey: None
  • 5.500.1250 Johnston Atoll: None
  • 5.500.1260 Jordan: None
  • 5.500.1270 Juan de Nova Island:
    • 5.500.1270.1 Juan de Nova: Island Claimed by Madagascar
  • 5.500.1280 Kazakhstan:
    • 5.500.1280.1 Kazakhstan: Caspian Sea boundaries are not yet determined among Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Turkmenistan
  • 5.500.1290 Kenya:
    • 5.500.1290.1 Kenya: Administrative boundary with Sudan does not coincide with international boundary
  • 5.500.1300 Kingman Reef: None
  • 5.500.1310 Kiribati: None
  • 5.500.1320 Korea, North:
    • 5.500.1320.1 Korea, North: 33-km section of boundary with China in the Paektu-san (mountain) area is indefinite
    • 5.500.1320.2 Korea, North: Demarcation Line with South Korea
  • 5.500.1330 Korea, South:
    • 5.500.1330.1 Korea, South: Demarcation Line with North Korea
    • 5.500.1330.2 Korea, South: Liancourt Rocks (Takeshima/Tokdo) disputed with Japan
  • 5.500.1340 Kuwait:
    • 5.500.1340.1 Kuwait: In November 1994, Iraq formally accepted the UN-demarcated border with Kuwait which had been spelled out in Security Council Resolutions 687 (1991), 773 (1993), and 883 (1993); this formally ends earlier claims to Kuwait and to Bubiyan and Warbah islands
  • 5.500.1350 Kyrgyzstan:
    • 5.500.1350.1 Kyrgyzstan: Territorial dispute with Tajikistan on southwestern boundary in Isfara Valley area
    • 5.500.1350.2 Kyrgyzstan: Periodic target of Islamic insurgents from Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Afghanistan
  • 5.500.1360 Laos:
    • 5.500.1360.1 Laos: Parts of the border with Thailand are indefinite
  • 5.500.1370 Latvia:
    • 5.500.1370.1 Latvia: Draft treaty delimiting the boundary with Russia has not been signed
    • 5.500.1370.2 Latvia: Has not ratified 1998 maritime boundary agreement with Lithuania (primary concern is oil exploration rights)
  • 5.500.1380 Lebanon:
    • 5.500.1380.1 Lebanon: Syrian troops in northern, central, and eastern Lebanon since October 1976
    • 5.500.1380.2 Lebanon: Lebanese government claims Shab'a Farms area of Israeli-occupied Golan Heights as a part of Lebanon from which Hizballah conducts cross-border attacks
  • 5.500.1390 Lesotho: None
  • 5.500.1400 Liberia:
    • 5.500.1400.1 Liberia: Large refugee population from civil war in Sierra Leone
  • 5.500.1410 Libya:
    • 5.500.1410.1 Libya: Libya claims about 19,400 sq km in northern Niger and also a part of southeastern Algeria
  • 5.500.1420 Liechtenstein:
    • 5.500.1420.1 Liechtenstein: Liechtenstein's royal family claims restitution for 1,600 sq km of land in the Czech Republic confiscated in 1918
  • 5.500.1430 Lithuania:
    • 5.500.1430.1 Lithuania: Latvia has not ratified a 1998 maritime boundary agreement with Lithuania (primary concern is oil exploration rights)
    • 5.500.1430.2 Lithuania: 1997 border agreement with Russia not yet ratified by Russia
  • 5.500.1440 Luxembourg: None
  • 5.500.1450 Macau: None
  • 5.500.1460 Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of:
    • 5.500.1460.1 Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of: Dispute with Greece over its name
    • 5.500.1460.2 Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of: February 2001 agreement with Yugoslavia settled alignment of boundary, stipulating implementation within two years
  • 5.500.1470 Madagascar:
    • 5.500.1470.1 Madagascar: Claims Bassas da India, Europa Island, Glorioso Islands, Juan de Nova Island, and Tromelin Island (all administered by France)
  • 5.500.1480 Malawi:
    • 5.500.1480.1 Malawi: Dispute with Tanzania over the boundary in Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi)
  • 5.500.1490 Malaysia:
    • 5.500.1490.1 Malaysia: Involved in a complex dispute over the Spratly Islands with China, Philippines, Taiwan, Vietnam, and possibly Brunei
    • 5.500.1490.2 Malaysia: Philippines have not fully revoked claim to Sabah State; Pulau Batu Putih (Pedra Branca Island) disputed with Singapore
    • 5.500.1490.3 Malaysia: Sipadan and Ligitan Islands in dispute with Indonesia
  • 5.500.1500 Maldives: None
  • 5.500.1510 Mali: None
  • 5.500.1520 Malta: None
  • 5.500.1530 Man, Isle of: None
  • 5.500.1540 Marshall Islands:
    • 5.500.1540.1 Marshall Islands: Claims US territory of Wake Island
  • 5.500.1550 Martinique: None
  • 5.500.1560 Mauritania: None
  • 5.500.1570 Mauritius:
    • 5.500.1570.1 Mauritius: Claims the Chagos Archipelago (UK-administered British Indian Ocean Territory)
    • 5.500.1570.2 Mauritius: Claims French-administered Tromelin Island
  • 5.500.1580 Mayotte:
    • 5.500.1580.1 Mayotte: Claimed by Comoros
  • 5.500.1590 Mexico: None
  • 5.500.1600 Micronesia, Federated States of: None
  • 5.500.1610 Midway Islands: None
  • 5.500.1620 Moldova:
    • 5.500.1620.1 Moldova: Separatist Transnistria region, comprising the area between the Nistru (Dniester) River and Ukraine, has its own de facto government, dominated by Moldovan Slavs
  • 5.500.1630 Monaco: None
  • 5.500.1640 Mongolia: None
  • 5.500.1650 Montserrat: None
  • 5.500.1660 Morocco:
    • 5.500.1660.1 Morocco: Claims and administers Western Sahara, but sovereignty is unresolved and the UN is attempting to hold a referendum on the issue; the UN-administered cease-fire has been in effect since September 1991
    • 5.500.1660.2 Morocco: Spain controls five places of sovereignty (plazas de soberania) on and off the coast of Morocco - the coastal enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla which Morocco contests, as well as the islands of Penon de Alhucemas, Penon de Velez de la Gomera, and Islas Chafarinas
  • 5.500.1670 Mozambique: None
  • 5.500.1680 Namibia: None
  • 5.500.1690 Nauru: None
  • 5.500.1700 Navassa Island:
    • 5.500.1700.1 Navassa Island: Claimed by Haiti
  • 5.500.1710 Nepal:
    • 5.500.1710.1 Nepal: Refugee issue over the presence in Nepal of approximately 98,700 Bhutanese refugees, 90% of whom are in seven United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) camps
  • 5.500.1720 Netherlands: None
  • 5.500.1730 Netherlands Antilles: None
  • 5.500.1740 New Caledonia:
    • 5.500.1740.1 New Caledonia: Matthew and Hunter Islands east of New Caledonia claimed by France and Vanuatu
  • 5.500.1750 New Zealand:
    • 5.500.1750.1 New Zealand: Territorial claim in Antarctica (Ross Dependency)
  • 5.500.1760 Nicaragua:
    • 5.500.1760.1 Nicaragua: Territorial disputes with Colombia over the Archipelago de San Andres y Providencia and Quita Sueno Bank
    • 5.500.1760.2 Nicaragua: With respect to the maritime boundary question in the Golfo de Fonseca, the ICJ referred to the line determined by the 1900 Honduras-Nicaragua Mixed Boundary Commission and advised that some tripartite resolution among El Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua likely would be required
    • 5.500.1760.3 Nicaragua: Maritime boundary dispute with Honduras in the Caribbean Sea is before the ICJ
    • 5.500.1760.4 Nicaragua: Legal dispute over navigational rights of San Juan River on border with Costa Rica
  • 5.500.1770 Niger:
    • 5.500.1770.1 Niger: Libya claims about 19,400 sq km in northern Niger
    • 5.500.1770.2 Niger: Delimitation of international boundaries in the vicinity of Lake Chad, the lack of which led to border incidents in the past, has been completed and awaits ratification by Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria
  • 5.500.1780 Nigeria:
    • 5.500.1780.1 Nigeria: Delimitation of international boundaries in the vicinity of Lake Chad, the lack of which led to border incidents in the past, has been completed and awaits ratification by Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria
    • 5.500.1780.2 Nigeria: Dispute with Cameroon over land and maritime boundaries around the Bakasi Peninsula is currently before the ICJ
    • 5.500.1780.3 Nigeria: Tripartite maritime boundary and economic zone dispute with Equatorial Guinea and Cameroon is currently before the ICJ
  • 5.500.1790 Niue: None
  • 5.500.1800 Norfolk Island: None
  • 5.500.1810 Northern Mariana Islands: None
  • 5.500.1820 Norway:
    • 5.500.1820.1 Norway: Territorial claim in Antarctica (Queen Maud Land)
    • 5.500.1820.2 Norway: Svalbard is the focus of a maritime boundary dispute between Norway and Russia
  • 5.500.1830 Oman:
    • 5.500.1830.1 Oman: Boundary with the UAE has not been bilaterally defined
    • 5.500.1830.2 Oman: Northern section in the Musandam Peninsula is an administrative boundary
  • 5.500.1840 Pacific Ocean:
    • 5.500.1840.1 Pacific Ocean: Some maritime disputes (see littoral states)
  • 5.500.1850 Pakistan:
    • 5.500.1850.1 Pakistan: Status of Kashmir with India
    • 5.500.1850.2 Pakistan: Water-sharing problems with India over the Indus River (Wular Barrage)
  • 5.500.1860 Palau: None
  • 5.500.1870 Palmyra Atoll: None
  • 5.500.1880 Panama: None
  • 5.500.1890 Papua New Guinea: None
  • 5.500.1900 Paracel Islands:
    • 5.500.1900.1 Paracel Islands: Occupied by China, but claimed by Taiwan and Vietnam
  • 5.500.1910 Peru: None
  • 5.500.1920 Philippines:
    • 5.500.1920.1 Philippines: Involved in a complex dispute over the Spratly Islands with China, Malaysia, Taiwan, Vietnam, and possibly Brunei
    • 5.500.1920.2 Philippines: Claim to Malaysia's Sabah State has not been fully revoked
  • 5.500.1930 Pitcairn Islands: None
  • 5.500.1940 Poland: None
  • 5.500.1950 Puerto Rico: None
  • 5.500.1960 Qatar:
    • 5.500.1960.1 Qatar: In March of 2001, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) awarded the Hawar Islands to Bahrain and adjusted its maritime boundary with Qatar
    • 5.500.1960.2 Qatar: A final border resolution was agreed to with Saudi Arabia in March of 2001
  • 5.500.1970 Reunion: None
  • 5.500.1980 Romania: None
  • 5.500.1990 Russia:
    • 5.500.1990.1 Russia: Dispute over at least two small sections of the boundary with China remains to be settled, despite 1997 boundary agreement
    • 5.500.1990.2 Russia: Islands of Etorofu, Kunashiri, and Shikotan and the Habomai group occupied by the Soviet Union in 1945, now administered by Russia, claimed by Japan
    • 5.500.1990.3 Russia: Caspian Sea boundaries are not yet determined among Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Turkmenistan
    • 5.500.1990.4 Russia: Estonian and Russian negotiators reached a technical border agreement in December 1996, which has not been signed or ratified by Russia as of February 2001
    • 5.500.1990.5 Russia: Draft treaty delimiting the boundary with Latvia has not been signed
    • 5.500.1990.6 Russia: 1997 border agreement with Lithuania not yet ratified
    • 5.500.1990.7 Russia: Has made no territorial claim in Antarctica (but has reserved the right to do so) and does not recognize the claims of any other nation
    • 5.500.1990.8 Russia: Svalbard is the focus of a maritime boundary dispute between Norway and Russia
  • 5.500.2000 Rwanda:
    • 5.500.2000.1 Rwanda: Rwandan military forces are supporting the rebel forces in the civil war in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
  • 5.500.2010 Saint Helena: None
  • 5.500.2020 Saint Kitts and Nevis: None
  • 5.500.2030 Saint Lucia: None
  • 5.500.2040 Saint Pierre and Miquelon: None
  • 5.500.2050 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines: None
  • 5.500.2060 Samoa: None
  • 5.500.2070 San Marino: None
  • 5.500.2080 Sao Tome and Principe: None
  • 5.500.2090 Saudi Arabia:
    • 5.500.2090.1 Saudi Arabia: A final border resolution was agreed to with Qatar in March of 2001
    • 5.500.2090.2 Saudi Arabia: Location and status of boundary with UAE is not final, de facto boundary reflects a 1974 agreement
    • 5.500.2090.3 Saudi Arabia: A June 2000 treaty delimited the boundary with Yemen, but final demarcation requires adjustments based on tribal considerations
  • 5.500.2100 Senegal: None
  • 5.500.2110 Seychelles:
    • 5.500.2110.1 Seychelles: Claims the Chagos Archipelago (UK-administered British Indian Ocean Territory)
  • 5.500.2120 Sierra Leone:
    • 5.500.2120.1 Sierra Leone: Civil war has engendered massive refugee movements into neighboring Guinea and Liberia
  • 5.500.2130 Singapore:
    • 5.500.2130.1 Singapore: Pedra Branca Island (Pulau Batu Putih) disputed with Malaysia
  • 5.500.2140 Slovakia:
    • 5.500.2140.1 Slovakia: Gabcikovo/Nagymaros Dam dispute with Hungary is before the ICJ
  • 5.500.2150 Slovenia:
    • 5.500.2150.1 Slovenia:Progress with Croatia on discussions of adjustments to land boundary, but problems remain in defining maritime boundary in Gulf of Piran
    • 5.500.2150.2 Slovenia: Austria has minor dispute with Slovenia over nuclear power plants and post-World War II treatment of German-speaking minorities
  • 5.500.2160 Solomon Islands: None
  • 5.500.2170 Somalia:
    • 5.500.2170.1 Somalia: Most of the southern half of the boundary with Ethiopia is a Provisional Administrative Line
    • 5.500.2170.2 Somalia: Territorial dispute with Ethiopia over the Ogaden
  • 5.500.2180 South Africa:
    • 5.500.2180.1 South Africa: Swaziland has asked South Africa to open negotiations on reincorporating some nearby South African territories that are populated by ethnic Swazis or that were long ago part of the Swazi Kingdom
  • 5.500.2190 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands:
    • 5.500.2190.1 South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands: Claimed by Argentina
  • 5.500.2200 Southern Ocean:
    • 5.500.2200.1 Southern Ocean: Antarctic Treaty defers claims (see Antarctic Treaty Summary in the Antarctica entry); sections (some overlapping) claimed by Argentina, Australia, Chile, France, New Zealand, Norway, and UK
    • 5.500.2200.2 Southern Ocean: The US and most other nations do not recognize the maritime claims of other nations and have made no claims themselves (the US and Russia have reserved the right to do so); no formal claims have been made in the sector between 90 degrees west and 150 degrees west
  • 5.500.2210 Spain:
    • 5.500.2210.1 Spain: Gibraltar issue with UK
    • 5.500.2210.2 Spain: Spain controls five places of sovereignty (plazas de soberania) on and off the coast of Morocco - the coastal enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla, which Morocco contests, as well as the islands of Penon de Alhucemas, Penon de Velez de la Gomera, and Islas Chafarinas
  • 5.500.2220 Spratly Islands:
    • 5.500.2220.1 Spratly Islands: All of the Spratly Islands are claimed by China, Taiwan, and Vietnam
    • 5.500.2220.2 Spratly Islands: Parts of them are claimed by Malaysia and the Philippines
    • 5.500.2220.3 Spratly Islands: In 1984, Brunei established an exclusive fishing zone that encompasses Louisa Reef in the southern Spratly Islands, but has not publicly claimed the island
    • 5.500.2220.4 Spratly Islands: In 2000, China joined ASEAN discussions towards creating a South China Sea "code of conduct" - a non-legally binding confidence building measure
  • 5.500.2230 Sri Lanka: None
  • 5.500.2240 Sudan:
    • 5.500.2240.1 Sudan: Administrative boundary with Kenya does not coincide with international boundary
    • 5.500.2240.2 Sudan: Egypt asserts its claim to the "Hala'ib Triangle," a barren area of 20,580 sq km under partial Sudanese administration that is defined by an administrative boundary which supersedes the treaty boundary of 1899
  • 5.500.2250 Suriname:
    • 5.500.2250.1 Suriname: Area disputed by French Guiana between Riviere Litani and Riviere Marouini (both headwaters of the Lawa); area disputed by Guyana between New (Upper Courantyne) and Courantyne/Koetari [Kutari] rivers (all headwaters of the Courantyne)
  • 5.500.2260 Svalbard:
    • 5.500.2260.1 Svalbard: Focus of a maritime boundary dispute between Norway and Russia
  • 5.500.2270 Swaziland:
    • 5.500.2270.1 Swaziland: Swaziland has asked South Africa to open negotiations on reincorporating some nearby South African territories that are populated by ethnic Swazis or that were long ago part of the Swazi Kingdom
  • 5.500.2280 Sweden: None
  • 5.500.2290 Switzerland: None
  • 5.500.2300 Syria:
    • 5.500.2300.1 Syria: Golan Heights is Israeli occupied
    • 5.500.2300.2 Syria: Dispute with upstream riparian Turkey over Turkish water development plans for the Tigris and Euphrates rivers
    • 5.500.2300.3 Syria: Syrian troops in northern, central, and eastern Lebanon since October 1976
  • 5.500.2310 Taiwan:
    • 5.500.2310.1 Taiwan: Involved in complex dispute over the Spratly Islands with China, Malaysia, Philippines, Vietnam, and possibly Brunei
    • 5.500.2310.2 Taiwan: Paracel Islands occupied by China, but claimed by Vietnam and Taiwan
    • 5.500.2310.3 Taiwan: Claims Japanese-administered Senkaku-shoto (Senkaku Islands/Diaoyu Tai), as does China
  • 5.500.2320 Tajikistan:
    • 5.500.2320.1 Tajikistan: Portions of Tajikistan's northern and western border with Uzbekistan and its eastern border with China have not been officially demarcated
    • 5.500.2320.2 Tajikistan: Territorial dispute with Kyrgyzstan on northern boundary in Isfara Valley area
  • 5.500.2330 Tanzania:
    • 5.500.2330.1 Tanzania: Dispute with Malawi over the boundary in Lake Nyasa (Lake Malawi)
    • 5.500.2330.2 Tanzania: A resurvey of the latitudinal boundary with Uganda in 2000 revealed a 300-meter discrepancy that both sides are currently adjudicating
  • 5.500.2340 Thailand:
    • 5.500.2340.1 Thailand: Parts of the border with Laos are indefinite
    • 5.500.2340.2 Thailand: Parts of border with Cambodia are indefinite
    • 5.500.2340.3 Thailand: Sporadic border hostilities with Burma over border alignment and ethnic Shan rebels operating in cross-border region
  • 5.500.2350 Togo: None
  • 5.500.2360 Tokelau: None
  • 5.500.2370 Tonga: None
  • 5.500.2380 Trinidad and Tobago: None
  • 5.500.2390 Tromelin Island:
    • 5.500.2390.1 Tromelin Island: Claimed by Madagascar and Mauritius
  • 5.500.2400 Tunisia: None
  • 5.500.2410 Turkey:
    • 5.500.2410.1 Turkey: Complex maritime, air, and territorial disputes with Greece in Aegean Sea
    • 5.500.2410.2 Turkey: Cyprus question with Greece
    • 5.500.2410.3 Turkey: Dispute with downstream riparian states (Syria and Iraq) over water development plans for the Tigris and Euphrates rivers
    • 5.500.2410.4 Turkey: Traditional demands regarding former Armenian lands in Turkey have subsided
  • 5.500.2420 Turkmenistan:
    • 5.500.2420.1 Turkmenistan: Caspian Sea boundaries are not yet determined among Azerbaijan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Turkmenistan
  • 5.500.2430 Turks and Caicos Islands: None
  • 5.500.2440 Tuvalu: None
  • 5.500.2450 Uganda:
    • 5.500.2450.1 Uganda: The Ugandan military is deployed to the Democratic Republic of Congo in support of rebel forces in that country's civil war
    • 5.500.2450.2 Uganda: A resurvey of the latitudinal boundary with Tanzania in 2000 revealed a 300-meter discrepancy that both sides are currently adjudicating
  • 5.500.2460 Ukraine:
    • 5.500.2460.1 Ukraine: Has made no territorial claim in Antarctica (but has reserved the right to do so) and does not recognize the claims of any other nation
  • 5.500.2470 United Arab Emirates:
    • 5.500.2470.1 United Arab Emirates: Location and status of boundary with Saudi Arabia is not final, de facto boundary reflects 1974 agreement
    • 5.500.2470.2 United Arab Emirates: Boundary with Oman has not been bilaterally defined
    • 5.500.2470.3 United Arab Emirates: Northern section in the Musandam Peninsula is an administrative boundary
    • 5.500.2470.4 United Arab Emirates: Claims two islands in the Persian Gulf occupied by Iran: Lesser Tunb (called Tunb as Sughra in Arabic by UAE and Jazireh-ye Tonb-e Kuchek in Persian by Iran) and Greater Tunb (called Tunb al Kubra in Arabic by UAE and Jazireh-ye Tonb-e Bozorg in Persian by Iran)
    • 5.500.2470.5 United Arab Emirates: Claims island in the Persian Gulf jointly administered with Iran (called Abu Musa in Arabic by UAE and Jazireh-ye Abu Musa in Persian by Iran) - over which Iran has taken steps to exert unilateral control since 1992, including access restrictions and a military build-up on the island; the UAE has garnered significant diplomatic support in the region in protesting these Iranian actions
  • 5.500.2480 United Kingdom:
    • 5.500.2480.1 United Kingdom: Northern Ireland issue with Ireland (historic peace agreement signed 10 April 1998)
    • 5.500.2480.2 United Kingdom: Gibraltar issue with Spain
    • 5.500.2480.3 United Kingdom: Argentina claims Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas)
    • 5.500.2480.4 United Kingdom: Argentina claims South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
    • 5.500.2480.5 United Kingdom: Mauritius and the Seychelles claim Chagos Archipelago (UK-administered British Indian Ocean Territory)
    • 5.500.2480.6 United Kingdom: Rockall continental shelf dispute involving Denmark and Iceland
    • 5.500.2480.7 United Kingdom: Territorial claim in Antarctica (British Antarctic Territory) overlaps Argentine claim and partially overlaps Chilean claim
    • 5.500.2480.8 United Kingdom: Disputes with Iceland, Denmark, and Ireland over the Faroe Islands continental shelf boundary outside 200 NM
  • 5.500.2490 United States:
    • 5.500.2490.1 United States: Maritime boundary disputes with Canada (Dixon Entrance, Beaufort Sea, Strait of Juan de Fuca, Machias Seal Island)
    • 5.500.2490.2 United States: US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay is leased from Cuba and only mutual agreement or US abandonment of the area can terminate the lease
    • 5.500.2490.3 United States: Haiti claims Navassa Island
    • 5.500.2490.4 United States: US has made no territorial claim in Antarctica (but has reserved the right to do so) and does not recognize the claims of any other nation
    • 5.500.2490.5 United States: Marshall Islands claims Wake Island
  • 5.500.2500 Uruguay: None
  • 5.500.2510 Uzbekistan:
    • 5.500.2510.1 Uzbekistan: Occasional target of Islamic insurgents based in Tajikistan and Afghanistan
  • 5.500.2520 Vanuatu:
    • 5.500.2520.1 Vanuatu: Claims Matthew and Hunter Islands east of New Caledonia
  • 5.500.2530 Venezuela:
    • 5.500.2530.1 Venezuela: Claims all of Guyana west of the Essequibo (river)
    • 5.500.2530.2 Venezuela: Maritime boundary dispute with Colombia in the Gulf of Venezuela
  • 5.500.2540 Vietnam:
    • 5.500.2540.1 Vietnam: Maritime boundary with Cambodia not defined
    • 5.500.2540.2 Vietnam: Involved in a complex dispute over the Spratly Islands with China, Malaysia, Philippines, Taiwan, and possibly Brunei
    • 5.500.2540.3 Vietnam: Maritime boundary agreement with China in the Gulf of Tonkin awaits ratification
    • 5.500.2540.4 Vietnam: Paracel Islands occupied by China but claimed by Vietnam and Taiwan
    • 5.500.2540.5 Vietnam: Portions of boundary with Cambodia are in dispute
    • 5.500.2540.6 Vietnam: Agreement on land border with China was signed in December 1999, but details of alignment have not yet been made public
  • 5.500.2550 Virgin Islands: None
  • 5.500.2560 Wake Island:
    • 5.500.2560.1 Wake Island: Claimed by Marshall Islands
  • 5.500.2570 Wallis and Futuna: None
  • 5.500.2580 West Bank:
    • 5.500.2580.1 West Bank: West Bank and Gaza Strip are Israeli-occupied with current status subject to the Israeli-Palestinian Interim Agreement - permanent status to be determined through further negotiation
  • 5.500.2590 Western Sahara:
    • 5.500.2590.1 Western Sahara: Claimed and administered by Morocco, but sovereignty is unresolved and the UN is attempting to hold a referendum on the issue; the UN-administered cease-fire has been in effect since September 1991
  • 5.500.2600 Yemen:
    • 5.500.2600.1 Yemen: A June 2000 treaty delimited the boundary with Saudi Arabia, but final demarcation requires adjustments based on tribal considerations
  • 5.500.2610 Yugoslavia:
    • 5.500.2610.1 Yugoslavia: Albanian majority in Kosovo seeks independence from Yugoslavia
    • 5.500.2610.2 Yugoslavia: Croatia and Yugoslavia are negotiating the status of the strategically important Prevlaka Peninsula, which is currently under a UN military observer mission (UNMOP)
    • 5.500.2610.3 Yugoslavia: The February 2001 agreement with the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia settled alignment of boundary, stipulating implementation within two years

"The keys to interstellar space travel, teleportation and real longevity awaits."
Andronicos "The Great"

5.700 Directives to resolve the first batch of tribal misunderstandings

"The greatest potential disaster to befall the human race is if a clever team of scientists discovers a gene or drug that gives human beings huge life spans and does this before poverty and war are eradicated off the face of the Earth."
Andronicos "The Great"

5.700.10 Directive to resolve the misunderstandings in Northern Ireland

Sometimes it takes a wedding to realise that however different the history and background of the parents and parents-in-law may be, however opposite the family religious point of view actually is and the width of the cultural gap - the love a bride and groom have for each other is greater than the sum of the differences of their family traditions. Even if there are skeletons in the ancestral cupboards of both tribes.

I direct the neutral 12-12-12 World Flag be placed everywhere throughout Northern Ireland: in homes, on cars, in offices and in pubs. (Use the simple form which can be copied from the back of this book, or downloaded from the Internet.)

I direct that on the evenings of Saturday December 6th 2003 and December 13th 2003 you enter any pub that displays the World Flag and buy a drink for someone of the same sex you don't know, who you suspect has opposing religious or political beliefs to you. Enter the pub armed with 7 jokes or funny stories. Do not discuss or make jokes about two of the three controversial subjects: religion and politics, unless it is making fun of your own tribe. Avoid wearing or eating oranges on these two historic evenings. Have a good time.

Watch a miracle happen.

I further direct a cease-fire takes place immediately and instruct those who take the lead in getting a permanent solution to the province volunteer for other duties. I don't care what your background was or how many years you spent in prison. If you have renounced terrorism I want your experience and knowledge to be shared at meetings I will arrange, with other tribes. Your first point of call will be Northern Spain. Start packing now.

Watch another miracle happen.

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5.700.20 Directive to resolve the misunderstandings in Cyprus

Cyprus is a small, pretty island in the Mediterranean Sea, populated by less than 1 million inhabitants. It is my ancestral home.

Here are my directions to resolve the Cyprus problem:

  • Cyprus should become one Federation made up of two tribal states. Each with their own Governor. A bit like the United States of America, with only two states or a bit like Britain (re. England and Scotland).
  • The constitution of both states and that of the Federal Republic of Cyprus to be created with the help of local tribal groups (Greece, Turkey) and neutral clubs (UN, EU).
  • The constitution of each of the two states may only be changed in the future by the majority vote of BOTH the two states.
  • The president of the country to be voted by regular national referendum, but his/her power shared using proportional representation.
  • The new federal constitution should forbid Cyprus from forming an Army, but allow national defense by Nato membership under Nato control in a merged Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot "army". This army may only be used in international peace keeping or humanitarian missions.
  • The Sovereign tribes of Greece whose CIA backed military junta and certain Cypriot factions in the 70s started the recent problems by trying to merge the state of Cyprus with Greece are directed to compensate Turkish Cypriots for loss of property and land since 1975. I also direct the Sovereign tribes of Turkey who compounded the problem by backing a policy of mass immigration from Turkey to Northern Cyprus, to likewise compensate Greek Cypriots for the loss of their properties and land. A neutral binding judicial process to undertake the above as quickly as possible. The funding (interest only) from the above to be found by way of a Special Bond created by Greece and Turkey, underpinned by the European Union. And a small increase in Cypriot VAT, income tax and departure tax from Cypriot airports Ė to pay the capital repayment on this bond.
  • The Sovereign Tribes of Turkey to be allowed entry into the European Union as soon as qualification criteria has been met.
Undertake the above and watch a miracle happen.

Wow! That will definitely generate loads of money! Enough perhaps to pay for 4 small apartments and a goat field on both sides of the border. What about funding a settlement using all those undersea gas and oil reserves around Cyprus?

5.700.30 Directive to resolve the misunderstandings in Cuba

For 40 years the Sovereign Tribes of the USA has for what it believes are valid reasons, enforced a trade embargo with the Sovereign Tribes of Cuba resulting in acute shortages to the Cuban people.

I request this policy be reviewed. The point has now been made and it's now time for parole.

I wish to remind the Sovereign tribes of Cuba that their population frequently use old pre 1960 American cars which when restored to their original condition, will be worth a lot of money. When the trade embargo is over, get proper American market value for your cars. The best will end up in museums.

Finally, I direct the criteria be met for War Bond funding so that the beautiful island of Cuba will become transformed.

Undertake the above and watch a miracle happen.

5.700.40 Directives to resolve the misunderstandings between Israelis and Palestinians.

The key to global peace and most of the directives within this book becoming a success lies here. The future of the World is in the hands of a few people who govern or want to govern areas within the Middle East. History has repeated itself many times with World powers since antiquity fighting wars over the small tract of land which today lies within the borders of the Sovereign Tribes of Israel, Egypt, Jordan and Palestinian authority.

Let real history be made now, history that will create the catalyst for World peace and security. The 200,000 World rulers will then support my other initiatives, specifically the poverty and war eradication bond. There will be no excuses. The cost savings alone to governmental global military expenditure in the long term will be huge. This will either save taxes or increase public expenditure for worth while causes.

There is only one way to find a solution to the problems: to think like an Israeli and then think like a Palestinian. Become one. Become both, then be you again. This I did in a recent controlled experiment. Unfortunately it made me feel very, very hateful.

Being Israeli, I felt hatred towards Palestinians for their suicide attacks, for their killing of innocent civilians, for their indefada, for their car stealing rackets and for maiming my people. How can these other children of Abraham create a make shift museum full of manikins with missing limbs, paint them red to denote Israeli blood and then encourage youths to touch them for luck while they laugh at pictures of dead Israelis scattered across Jerusalem pavements? How could they kill members of my family who survived the Holocaust, persecution in communist Russia, who saw the land of Israel as their last hope for a happy peaceful future and emigrated here? I now volunteer to join the army so that I can break the limbs of teenagers who throw stones at me and will gladly level to the ground any home that belongs to a militant Palestinian.

Then I became Palestinian. I felt hatred towards Israelis for taking my land and my country. Breeding like rats. Allowing anyone who is remotely connected to the Jewish religion being encouraged to live on my land with 10 of their children on state handouts. To make more room for these uninvited foreigners more of my land is taken so that they can now build towns to facilitate even more breeding. When I object they bring in the tanks and destroy my brother's house. He becomes another statistic. He and his family now live in a refugee camp. I now volunteer to get revenge to kill the enemy, while my brother's son throws stones and laughs at pictures of the carnage I will create.

I felt extreme distress writing the above words. It sometimes hurts to feel hate.

My solution is rather unorthodox and quite unusual. So much so it will need to be read more than once to fully grasp the plan which involves 4 tribal groups: Egyptian, Israeli, Jordanian and Palestinian.

Firstly, remind yourself of my instructions as Director of the Human Race and Manager Planet Earth relating to reclaiming deserts, which can be found in section 3.70 of this book. Read my instruction again before proceeding to the next section.

Let North Sinai and a wide track of land stretching from Southern Cairo to the Sudan and the east bank of the Jordan river be Phase 1 of the project. The first of these international projects to reclaim desert and the building of millions of homes in its place.

Due to the fact that the Egyptian and Jordanian people's generosity will start the historic unprecedented event for World peace, the first recipients of the War Bond to eliminate extreme poverty will be the Sovereign tribes of Egypt and Jordan. I have budgeted 70 billion dollars in foreign aid from across Sovereign states to create infrastructure (30 billion) and retire the entire national debt of Egypt (32 billion) and Jordan (8 billion), none of which will be used in building homes for phase 1 and 2. Foreign aid will not be War Bond money. Phase 1 and 2 of the project will be.

REFER TO MAP

PHASE 1

Egypt

I request some land in the north eastern desert region in the Sinai Peninsula from the Sovereign tribe of Egypt. The Sovereign state of Egypt will still be custodians of any antiquities discovered in "Palestinian Sinai". Egypt will still own and have access to any mineral and oil rights below 100 metres of sea level. Egypt will still own and manage the air space above "Palestinian Sinai". No work permits or travel restrictions will apply to Egyptians in "Palestinian Sinai", but the land will belong to their fellow Arab brothers and form part of the new independent Sovereign tribal state of Palestine.

Jordan

I request some land on the east bank of the Jordan River (north of the Dead Sea). Due to the importance the Jordan River holds in the region, the land transferred (and eventually reclaimed from the desert) is to run easterly rather than north/south in parallel to the Jordan River. The Sovereign state of Jordan will still be custodians of any antiquities discovered in "Palestinian Jordan". Jordan will still own and have access to any mineral and oil rights below 100 metres. Jordan will still own and manage the airspace above "Palestinian Jordan". No work permits or travel restrictions will apply to Jordanians in "Palestinian Jordan", but the land will belong to their fellow Arab brothers and form part of the new independent Sovereign tribal state of Palestine.

Israel

I request some of the land in the south west of the geographic desert region known as the Negeb and the Gaza Strip. The territory which was acquired by Israel in 1949.

I further request Israel renounces all lands and settlements currently under dispute within the Gaza Strip and approximately 60% of the land currently under dispute on the West Bank, from the Dead Sea's northernmost point. (Refer to map)

These territories will revert back to their Arab cousins and form part of the new independent Sovereign tribal state of Palestine. Israelis will still have the right to freely work, travel, own property and live in these areas. Israel will still own and manage the air space above these regions.

Israeli settlements may still remain as long as compensation is given at market value to the original Palestinian owners of the land.

Palestinian Authority

I request it renounces all claims to certain lands currently within Israel. Palestinians will still have the right to freely work, travel, own property and live in these regions.

REFER TO MAP

Jerusalem: The City

Jerusalem has a great spiritual and religious significance to three of the great monotheistic faiths: Jewish, Christian and Muslim. Wherever mankind is destined to live throughout the universe, Earth will always be "home" and Jerusalem will always be a Holy City - if not The Holy City. Treat her with the respect and dignity she was built for in the first place. I direct the following takes place to eliminate many of the problems relating to the city of Jerusalem.

  • Jerusalem the spiritual capital city to belong to the Creator God of Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac and Jacob. Either formally fly the "many tribes one people one planet" flag and no other within an agreed area in the city, or NO FLAG whatsoever. Because of her political neutrality and religious significance, no international agency should ever be within its boundaries.
  • Jerusalem the Sovereign capital of the Jewish religion and Israeli people to have an agreed area in the city, and the Palestinian people to have an agreed area in the city as their Sovereign capital.
  • Jerusalem the physical ancient Middle Eastern city to have an elected counsel and mayor that looks after practical day to day matters such as water, power, cleaning, garbage removal, preservation of antiquities, etc. To minimise bureaucracy (and taxes) the counsel will be cross border (Israeli State and Palestinian State officials).

The Temple Mount Jerusalem

Various fundamentalist religions within all three great monotheistic faiths hold immense significance in what happens on this rather small hill of antiquity. King Solomon built the first Temple in 1000 BCE which was destroyed by the Babylonians in 539 BCE. The second temple was rebuilt by Herod in the first century BCE and destroyed by the Romans in 70 CE. Certain Christians and Jews believe the building of the third temple is the key to much bible prophecy relating to mankind's future.

If you are either Israeli or Jewish, do you believe that if God wanted to he could arrange for the most violent fundamentalist anti Jewish, anti Israeli bigots to sign a treaty to allow a third Temple to be built on the Temple Mount? Do you also believe that if God wanted to, he could also arrange for the above factions to build it on behalf of the 12 tribes of Israel wearing T-shirts with the words "We love our Israeli brothers"? If the answer is "yes" - show some patience. If the answer is "no" then I direct such a rebuilding plan is purely nationalistic and therefore be put on hold until you can answer "yes".

I therefore direct the following takes place:

The Temple Mount to remain under the control of the new Palestinian state. The Western Wall to remain under the control of the Israeli State with all formal political claims or threats to build a third Temple formally renounced.

The Golan Heights

This belongs to the Sovereign tribes of Syria and must eventually be handed back. In the meantime Israel will have to pay an annual lease payment to be agreed, to the Sovereign tribes of Syria to be used for providing schools for its children.

Practical Considerations relating to Phase 1 desert reclamation project

Phase 1 of the project will be simultaneous desert reclamation and building of 1 million homes on a 7 to 1 ratio. For every 'Sinai Palestinian' and 'Jordanian Palestinian' home built by the international coalition of volunteers, Egypt and Jordan will have seven built. Houses will be awarded by lots under the control of each tribal state.

Furthermore, no rental will be due to War Bond corporations for homes built in Jordanian and Egyptian land built in Phase 1.

PHASE 2

Phase 2 will be Project Sahara as described in 3.70. Due to the Egyptian people's generosity in giving part of their Sovereign territory to their Palestinian brothers, I have decided Egypt will be one of the initial main hubs for reclaiming the Sahara and building 3 million homes in the Egyptian section alone. This number is in addition to those built during Phase 1 in what will remain Egyptian Sinai. Donít get confused with the first lot of homes built for Egypt in Phase 1, as stated above these are additional.

Modern history and experience has shown that forced migration for ethnic or religious reasons does not work. Many massacres have occurred in the past. For example in the Indian subcontinent in the 1940s. This migration will not be forced, because the region is so small each will be interdependent on the other for basic commodities and commerce.

So here it is. Unorthodox? Unusual? Crazy? Maybe as crazy as the President Mandella, Lech Walesa, USSR, German unification prediction which no one would have made in 1984 without being mocked.

What is the alternative? Searching the shoes of everyone who boards a plane? Shooting down aeroplanes that travel too close to western skyscrapers or Mecca? Screening everyone that sets foot in a western church, eastern Mosque or Temple? And what about the global cost over the next 5, 10 or 20 years of terrorism prevention? This initiative will go far in eliminating the breeding ground for the vile insects that carry out such atrocities in the name of God.

But let's be realistic. There will be a minority of the minority who have so much hatred in their hearts that they are beyond permitting any form of solution or compromise to take place. They would prefer to die themselves with members of their own family as a matter of principle, rather than allow the other tribe to gain any advantage. They would even attempt to assassinate their own leader if he dares to give concessions to the other side.

If they cannot see reason, let their families and friends attempt to make them see. If that fails - the peace process must be protected by allowing a neutral third party to incarcerate them until their hatefulness can be controlled.

On a positive note, let's not forget that old enemies such as the Sovereign tribes of France and Germany who fought two major wars with each other in the last 90 years - eventually became trading partners and allies. They are now taking the very commendable initiative by proposing the creation of a pan European Constitution, what a turnaround!

Who knows, in a few years time maybe the tribes that live in the geographic regions today known as Israel, Jordan and Egypt will provide many new friendly joint initiatives to make the World a better place. Future children who are not brought up hating the other will help their parents and grandparents live in peace.

The decision is in the hands of but a few thousand rulers with an impact on all six billion people in the World. I direct unofficial means are used to discuss this directive now between all tribal groups. Before tribal leaders make formal statements, watch the World reaction to my directive and read section 10.160 twelve times first.

Undertake all the above and watch a miracle happen.

I see His Greatness has taken the saying literally of drawing a line in the sand.

Drawing a line in the sand?

I think a few Palestinians may object to a border being enforced across 100 of their villages.

Enforced?

Well, maybe not enforced but it goes against the pre 1967 map of a region most experts agree should belong to Palestinians in a land for peace deal.

It's my opening line for negotiations. Anything is possible in a final agreement.

Did you write this part under the influence of alcohol?

But could it work?

It is not traditional to play musical chairs with a nation's Sovereign land.

But could it work if all parties agreed?

 

End of Section 5:

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Listen to Andronicos "The Great's" speech to the World here.

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For the record, the real Andronicos the author, certainly does not profess to "Greatness".

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All the 600 issues (or topics) to bring about World Peace and the eradication of extreme poverty by December 12th 2012 are divided up into 12 main headings as found on the home page. Alternatively, you may find useful navigation hints below:

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The 12-12-12 website is an educational website that facilitates individual or group discussion. The coded 12-12-12 book is a snapshot, written over an 87 day period, of the major problems in the World as at March 17th 2002 and possibly how to resolve them. The author Andronicos has written it in an ironic style to act as a catalyst for constructive discussion.
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© Andronicos 2003 (Who for the record, does not profess to greatness in any shape or form and is quite honoured by the amount of interest this project is attracting worldwide).
Last modified: 6 March 2011